I have mentioned during the series of Warren Buffett’s letter that buyback done by the company considers good. Also when the market value of the company is available at discount from intrinsic value and company does not have a better opportunity to make an investment then company has to repurchase own shares. We have heard that the company having good management then they come up with a buyback and others will come up with a dilution of capital. The buyback is one of the criteria for judging a capital allocation decision of management that whether good or not.
We have seen in the previous simple is better to issue regarding profit and loss account in Issue-8, balance sheet in Issue-9, Relationship between balance sheet and profit & loss account in Issue-10, and Cash flow statement in issue-11. Analysis of balance sheet is essential for a better understanding of the financial strength of the company. Balance sheet majorly focuses on the sources from where we have brought the fund and at where we have deployed that fund.
Equity and liability side shows us a source of funds and assets side show us an application of the funds which we have brought.
We have to check in detail that does fund get proper utilization which company has to bring or not. For proper understanding, we need to prepare and analysis fund flow statement. Using fund flow analysis, we can come to that fund is effectively utilized by the management or not. This analysis also helps us to know where the fund is going and from where the fund is coming to the business. Does fund utilize to the wrong places or does fund brings from the sources which can be not favorable for the owners of the company?
We have seen profit and loss account in Issue-8, Balance sheet in Issue-9 and Relationship between balance sheet and profit & loss account in Issue-10. After understanding of Profit & loss account and Balance sheet, we move forward to the third financial statement in the current issue that is “Cash flow statement”.
“The cash flow statement shows how much cash comes in and goes out of the company over the quarter or the year.” – Investopedia
We have seen profit and loss account in Issue-8 and Balance sheet in Issue-9. There is a relation between profit & loss account and balance sheet; which I am going to discuss in the current issue. We have to understand that relationship for better analysis of the financial statement and make a more wise investment decision.
No financial statement useful to us in isolation. We have to understand the impact of changes in one element on the other element of the financial statements which can be much use to us for knowing hidden stories of the companies. We can become better investors when we can able to understand the hidden truth behind the financial statements.