This is the action bias: look active, even if it achieves nothing. There are many situations where we do not know what will happen but we just act to show our active behavior in eyes of others.
When penalty kick in football kicked to goal. The goalkeeper just has 0.30 seconds to think where the ball will fall right, left, or center. It is difficult to guess in much less time so they jump either side which creates an illusion of doing something to stop the goal.
Investment – Similarly, when a fund manager knows that he cannot beat the market, then many fund manager keeps on churning stocks in a portfolio or they keep on buying one and other stocks which creates an illusion among their clients of doing something to beat the market and create wealth. Also, I have seen many fund manager who keeps many books with them so that when clients meet them, they can just create an illusion of avid reader.
‘All of humanity’s problems stem from man’s inability to sit quietly in a room alone,’. We need to learn the skill of patience because we cannot produce a child in a month by doing sex with nine women or with the same woman nine times a month. When the situation is not suitable with our philosophy and process then we have to keep patience to wait for the loose ball to hit a home run. We do not need to hit a home run on every ball and if we try to do that then remember, we cannot survive till a loose ball comes for a homerun.
Majority of the big winners’ companies have also seen the worst period during their journey. It is not necessary that if the company has delivered a 25%+ CAGR then it will get into the smooth way. There always be a huge up and downs to it. Many storms such companies have experience but as investors, we need to stay during those storms if we have made an investment into the great companies then only we can able to earn good returns from it.
Mr. Munger has established a hedge fund company, Wheeler, Munger & Company in the year 1962 which has a pre-fees return of 37.10% during the year 1962 to 1969. And 14-years of partnership, Mr. Munger has delivered around 19.82% CAGR compared to 5.20% CAGR with the dividend of S&P500.
If we love when stocks moving into the upward direction then we must have to be ready to accept its downward journey also. It is a part of the game and without accepting the losses, we cannot become a seasoned investor. Even Mr. Sachin Tendulkar cannot hit a century into the each of the match, some of the match having a ZERO score also. If he only focuses on the century then it might be possible that he cannot able to play well. Similarly, if we keep focussing on the scoreboard then we may not able to create a good investment fortune.
Mr. Munger has an investment of 61% of his portfolio to the Bluechip stamp and original business of the bluechip stamps has started getting deteriorate from the peak revenue of $12.42 crore in 1982. Bluechip has made an investment into the See’s Candies, the Buffalo Evening News, and Wesco Financial before getting merged into the Berkshire Hathway in the year 1983.
The firm of Mr. Munger has lost 31.90% in the year 1973 and 31.50% in the year 1974 v/s 13.10% and 23.10% decline of Dow Jones respectively. And he bounces back by 73.20% of the gain to the year 1975 but few of the large investors have left him which break him mentally and emotionally. He decided to liquidate the partnership. But after the worst performance during the year 1973-1974, Mr. Munger has delivered a 24.30% CAGR before fees.
We need to be mentally ready for the big losses during our investment journey if we want to earn a decent return for the long term. If we are not mentally and emotionally ready we will not able to survive to the investment journey.
We should not sell stocks just due to a fall in the price of the stocks. If we keep on doing such practices then we will not survive for the long term to the stock market. If we know that stock can fall by 50% after we bought it, then we will make a position which is comfortable for us during the decline.
We need to make a balance between equity and debt as per own comfort. So that we can able to play an investment game in a good manner. Also, get the strength of absorbing such shock.