I have mentioned during the series of Warren Buffett’s letter that buyback done by the company considers good. Also when the market value of the company is available at discount from intrinsic value and company does not have a better opportunity to make an investment then company has to repurchase own shares. We have heard that the company having good management then they come up with a buyback and others will come up with a dilution of capital. The buyback is one of the criteria for judging a capital allocation decision of management that whether good or not.
On 17th January 2016, I got an opportunity to address one group of investors. I am so thankful to all my friends who provided me such an opportunity.
Investor Philosophy – Pat Dorsey
This presentation (Click here Pat Dorsey) based on what I learned from Pat Dorsey and about his philosophy.
Company A earns High profit / High Return on Capital that attracts many players to the same industry; which resulted in a higher level of competitions. Higher competitions affect to the margins of the company A and continuously increasing competition affects to the earnings of the company A. and if company A doesn’t have any Competitive Advantage then the business of company A can be in problem.
So the question is what is the competitive advantage?
Now, let me explain with a simple example that how USP helps.
Above all are benefits of having a strong USP of Rajinikanth. Now, compare these benefits to the business class.
So before understanding, what is the competitive advantage? I explain what can not be a competitive advantage?
If a company cannot able to raise the price of the products/services then we should understand that there is an absence of competitive advantage. (Eg.: – ITC Ltd. – Budget imposes the duty on cigarette but company easily able to pass those costs to the customers and that’s the reason for the survival of the company in adverse situations.)
We can easily able to recall brands. Meggie is becoming synonyms for noodles, Fevicol becomes synonyms for adhesive, and Colgate is becoming synonyms for toothpaste.
Also, the company which has the ability to change consumer behavior that Amazon has done (From traditional bookstore to online bookstore).
Patents & Licenses can be useful for protecting the interest of business (not considering strong moats because after the expiry of patents other companies also can able to register it and licenses can fall in the compliance risk).
Any psychological barrier or any cost associated with a switch from using current product/service to other product/service.
As the addition of new users make the network more and more strong and replicating such model becomes very difficult.
Low-cost producer compares to other players in the same industry.
Wide and strong moat resulted in the long-term Return on Capital generation and if absent of moat not able to provide long-term Return on Capital to the business.
Bad managers destroy business for own enjoyment and ambitions.
Now, what to select and what to avoid is up to us. If we able to select good business with the good manager then wealth creation become more effective. That is like the good horse with the good jockey that can able to win a race.