DON’T CLING TO THINGS Endowment Effect

When we own something, the value of that particular things has psychologically increased for us. Loss aversion stops us from giving up what we own. We are slowly getting emotionally attached to particular products and automatically the value of that product increases for us.

We consider things to be more valuable the moment we own them. In other words, if we are selling something, we charge more for it than what we would be willing to spend for the same thing. We get attached to things we own and we keep on collecting different things. We can safely say that we are better at collecting things than at casting them off. Not only does this explain why we fill our homes with junk, but also why lovers of stamps, watches and pieces of art part with them so seldomly.

We should understand that everything which we own is given by the universe to us for temporary time so should not get attached to it. These things can get separated from us in the blink of eyes.

Business – We can see that owner of the business who is facing losses then also not ready to sell off the business. Also, they seek higher prices to divest business though business incurring losses. The founder of the business is emotionally attached to the business and want to focus on making it profitable. 

Investment – When we own any stocks in our portfolio then we value it more and think that all others own fewer valuable stocks in their portfolio. We tend to sell our ownership for more than what it’s demanded. We feel portfolio companies have higher value and should trade higher than our acquired price. We also keep on purchasing stocks and then when we have owned it, we want to sell it for higher.

This attachment with our portfolio makes us blind to make a rational decision. That’s the reason our portfolio gets flooded with junks and we sell quality because the quality we can sell at a higher value than what we own.

Rather than keep focusing on the purchase price, we should focus on what is a current intrinsic value and fundamental of the company. When we start to avoid looking at the purchase price, the time we start reducing a few mistakes. First, we should write down the exit strategy during the entry time itself and follow it thoroughly. When our exit strategy has been triggered, we should not look at the trading price and dump a particular investment. A clear strategy helps us from the endowment effect.

This entire series will be review with various examples from books which are Thinking, Fast and Slow and The Art of Thinking Clearly.

WHY PEOPLE CHOOSE SECURITY OVER FREEDOM

Why we seek job security over freedom? Because we taught in such a way at school as well as at home. Our mindset has to get developed in a similar way where we seek security first. So, E & S quadrant people are motivated by security whereas B & I quadrant people are motivated by freedom.

Similar to the debt trap, there is a very interesting success trap. When B quadrant person gets success, they expand their system, then hire new talent, they work hard. B quadrant person also invests and when it meets succeed, they reinvest it. So that as time passes, they attract more success and which results in the freedom of time. They have time for family, for their hobby, etc.

Financial intelligence does not mean by how much money we make but it’s how much money we keep and that work for us. Also, money keeps working for how many of our generations.

Rather than this, what middle-class people do it. They work hard for a paycheck then they make a plan to save tax, take a home loan to write off interest to save tax. So, they again work hard to pay bills. When people get a job with a high paycheck and benefits, they work hard more to pay bills and increase more liabilities which increases more bills. They jump from one job to other to get a higher amount of paycheck with job security.

S quadrant is the riskiest and needed huge efforts. As they have to do it by themselves so for achieving success and keeping it, they have to work harder.

Many of the E quadrant people start a business by deploying their lifelong savings, borrowing from friend’s family to start a business. And after 2-3 years when the business starts generating cash flow then they have to pay debt first. ~99% of the business getting disappeared in the first 10 years of establishment.

B and I quadrant person also legally take tax advantages compared to the E and S quadrant person. Most people do not focus on the asset column to generate more income but they focus on income and increase in liabilities. Knowledge is a power which used by B and I quadrant people to grab opportunities when it arises. This also gives them confidence. So, if we are into an E quadrant and simultaneously learn about the I quadrant then it will help us to get financially free, also make us confident. Few people are good with both the side of a quadrant, they get a good paycheck, security as an employee and also invest to create more wealth. People those do not have investment knowledge, then they tend to park money in FD or other deposit which is good compare to people who do not save or invest. But this investment does not help us to fight against inflation. If we rely on our employers that they will make us rich then it’s not to be their responsibility. Their responsibility is to provide a steady paycheck to us. It’s our responsibility to create investment to become rich. When we have an abundance of money and time then we directly jump to the I quadrant. But if we do not have time and money then we have to follow the safer path.

Investing is also an investment into the business so it’s advisable to understand businesses. Investing is capital and knowledge-intensive so we have to ready with both for being successful in it.

Read for more detail: Rich Dad’s Cashflow Quadrant: Guide to Financial Freedom

I am grateful to Mr.Meihol Jhaveri (Founder of Gatisofttech) for development of Lucky Idiot website.

Annual Report Review

As we all know that Annual Reports (ARs) can help us a lot to analyze any company. This is a communication bridge between investors and the management of companies. ARs provide us details such as business, past performance, management comments on performance, outlook, challenges, opportunities, industry information, financial position, financial statements with notes, etc.


Annual Reports review is a review provided by me, comments, and highlights on the important part to focus on. This will help investors with saving lots of their time as well as can get one other perspective. It also can be helpful to investors for generating investment ideas.


All information provided by me is just for an educational purpose and not any BUY/SELL/HOLD advice.

One Stop Solution for Annual Report Review –

Consumer Durables
Whirlpool of India2015201620172018201920202021

Disclaimer: This is not a recommendation to Buy-Sell-Hold. This post is just for an educational purpose.

06 – Current temptation, future frustration

The sixth part of the Series “Current temptation, future frustration“. This series is based on the companies which are currently darling of the market and many trying to catch such opportunities but it has a probability to become a reason for future frustration. It can wipe out the majority of gains in wealth. I am trying to put some of the number-crunching facts by which we can identify ongoing issues in the companies and can save our wealth.

I am starting this article with one of the company which is engaged in power generation has a 52 weeks low price of Rs.5.49 and LTP is Rs.45.25. This company has rewarded ~8.24x of return in a year.

Let’s start looking at the numbers.

We can see that the company does have ~Rs.36 lakh of revenue and generating losses due to higher expenses. It can be possible if the business is at a nascent stage. But major expense is depreciation so have to check why huge depreciation charge.

When we look at the balance sheet then it seems that the company has repaid the entire debt and not issue any share capital. But when looking at the loans and advances then it has higher loans and advances & other assets.

The company has Rs.30 cr of loans and advances in FY20 which keeps raising y-o-y. There is no detailed description available for loans.

When we compare payable and receivable with the revenue then both are much higher than revenue. This means the company has to higher pending payment to pay and receive.

In the above image, we can see that the company has bad debts of Rs.5.76 cr in FY16 which was 35% of total debtors. And the company does not have any revenue in that year.

The company has Rs.35 cr of other payables which has advanced for sale of assets. This indicates that the company has made a commitment to sell assets to other parties and taken advances from that party, but still, the company has not sold out that assets. This item helps the company to improve CFO but actually, this is a clear artificial boosting of CFO.

Disclosure – Companies mentioned in the article are just for an example & educational purpose. It is not a buy/sell/ hold recommendation.

This series contains learning from books –

Financial Shenanigans

Quality of Earnings

The Financial Numbers Game

Creative Cash Flow Reporting

I am grateful to Mr.Meihol Jhaveri (Founder of Gatisofttech) for development of Lucky Idiot website.

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